The number of visits to psychiatric hospitals due to the use of hemp increased by 185

Employees at Trinity College in Dublin published an article stating that in Ireland there is an increase in cannabis consumption and increased health risks for citizens.

Marijuana smokers are more likely to seek medical help

The researchers analyzed the information obtained during the national polls and the database of Irish medical institutions. As a result, it was possible to find out that in the period from 2008 to 2016:

  1. the number of cases of treatment in clinics due to the use of cannabis increased by 90%;
  2. Cannabis caused hospitalization in psychiatric hospitals 185% more often;
  3. the number of marijuana addicts among adolescents and youth (up to 34 years old) increased by 40% and 168%, respectively;
  4. every 28th Irishman under the age of 34 is addicted to hemp.

The consequences of cannabis abuse

According to researchers, smoking marijuana can lead to psychosis in adults, and the likelihood of the disease manifesting itself depends on the dosage of THC: the more cannabinoid, the higher the chances of a psychotic reaction. Cannabis use in adolescence has a negative impact on the development of cognitive functions, and can also cause depression and suicidal tendencies.

The authors of the work drew attention to the fact that an increase in the number of cases of referring to hospitals occurred against the background of an increase in the concentration of THC in marijuana. Cannabis consumption has grown because society has ignored the health risks associated with regular marijuana smoking.

Young people need to be informed about the dangers of cannabis abuse

College experts believe that the Irish have formed a positive image of cannabis, as media are actively campaigning to convince politicians and the public of the medicinal potential of the plant. Researchers note that media portals do not disseminate reliable information about the health effects of cannabinoids. Therefore, they propose to launch a program to inform citizens about the consequences of smoking marijuana with the participation of doctors.

Ireland plans to decriminalize cannabis

In 2018, Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said the government was considering decriminalizing the storage and use of hemp. He noted that the plant was decriminalized in all US states on the west coast and in Portugal. According to Varadkar, cannabis needs to be moved from criminal justice to healthcare. Now a group of state experts is developing an optimal strategy for decriminalizing hemp based on foreign experience.

Phytomedicine and Cannabis Institute to open in Jamaica

The Jamaican authorities have entered into a partnership agreement with the Harvard Institute of Phytomedicine and Cannabis. With the support of American scientists, a center for research on cannabis and other plants will be created on the island.

Medical hemp as a factor in economic development

The Jamaican Institute of Phytomedicine and Cannabis will study the medicinal properties of plants and develop pharmaceutical and nutraceutical (food products for disease prevention) drugs based on them. The project will be led by the Council for Economic Development and the Ministry of Industry.

Industry Minister Audley Shaw said that this year the market for phytomedical products will reach $ 111 billion, with an average annual industry growth rate of 7.2%. According to officials, Jamaica will be able to make good money on phytomedicine due to biodiversity: 52% of plants with healing properties grow on the island. According to Shaw, over 85% of Jamaicans treat the most common diseases with elixirs made from various plants.

Jamaica insufficiently uses natural resources

Audley Shaw noted that Jamaica can no longer rely solely on sugar production. He believes that the country should diversify its business, in particular, create a phytomedicine industry. The Minister drew attention to the large area of ​​fertile virgin land on which cannabis and other plants with medicinal potential can be sown.

According to Wilfred Ngwa, Director of Harvard Global Health Catalyst, the uniqueness of the Jamaican project lies in the fact that it implies the creation of a complete production cycle for herbal preparations – from seed to the final product. Vice-President of the Council for Economic Development Sheren Smith claims that the Institute of Phytomedicine will be able to guarantee the safety and effectiveness of manufactured medicines, as they will be tested during clinical trials. In the process of drug development, they plan to use artificial intelligence and biotechnology at the Harvard Institute.

The project will be attended by local agronomists and doctors practicing traditional medicine. The knowledge and experience of the healers will be subjected to critical analysis and used for scientific purposes. From September 30 to October 2, American experts visited the Jamaican centers for the study of cannabis and other plants. In September, the cannabis conference and exhibition CanEx was held in the country for business representatives and investors from the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, and South America.

Israeli woman in Russia was given 7.5 years for 9 grams of hash

In the suburbs, a court sentenced Israeli citizen Naamu Issahar to seven and a half years in prison, convicting her of drug smuggling. This was announced in his Telegram channel by the Moscow Talking radio station.

The girl partially admitted her guilt. She does not deny possession of prohibited substances but does not agree with the charge of smuggling.

The 25-year-old girl was detained in the spring of 2019 in the transit zone of Sheremetyevo Airport. With her, an Israeli woman who flew from Delhi to Tel Aviv had 9.6 grams of hash.

Criminal proceedings were instituted against Issakhar under part 2 of article 229.1 (“Drug smuggling”) and part 1 of article 228 (“Drug possession”) of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

On April 9, 2019, Naama flew from Delhi to Tel Aviv with a transfer at Sheremetyevo Airport. She carried 9.6 grams of hash in her luggage. She later recognized this fact, but at the same time, she did not leave the transit zone and did not have access to the suitcase during the transplant. She would have already received luggage in Israel, where she can store up to 15 grams of hash for personal use.

The office of the Israeli Prime Minister said that Benjamin Netanyahu and Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed the case against Issakhar during bilateral negotiations in Sochi in September. According to RIA Novosti, the Israeli side announced a disproportionate punishment for its citizens and asked to soften both the punishment and the conditions of Issachar. “The Prime Minister and the State of Israel will continue to make every effort for the Russian authorities to release Naama Issahar and return her home,” the statement said.

Israeli authorities take the verdict of a Russian court seriously, which found Naama Issachar, who was flying to Tel Aviv through Moscow, guilty of drug smuggling. This was reported by the Foreign Ministry of the Jewish state on its Twitter page.

The department noted that Israel considers the punishment of seven and a half years in prison for keeping less than 10 grams of hashish unjust and disproportionate. “Unfortunately, the Russian authorities have not yet taken into account our requests for a proper investigation, taking into account the circumstances of her arrest,” the Foreign Ministry said.

According to the Israeli newspaper Haaretz, the negotiations raised the issue of exchanging Issakhar for a Russian detainee suspected of “hacking” Alexei Burkov, who was arrested in Israel at the request of Washington.

Thailand will host the World Ganja Festival 2020

From January 29 to February 2, 2020, Thailand will host the World Ganja Festival. The event is organized by the Association of Thai Explorers with support from the local government.

Cannabis experts from around the world will take part in the festival

To host the festival, the Thai Explorers Association has partnered with the Thai Nationalism Foundation, the Thai Journalists Association, and the municipalities of three regions of the country. The venue for the World Ganja Festival was an area of ​​16 hectares near the Nong Yat Reservoir in Nakhon Phanom Province.

Festival adviser Charan Kullawanit spoke about the upcoming event: “Thailand will decide who should be invited to the World Ganja Festival as a host. We plan to invite guests from China, Japan, and the USA to get their opinion on cannabis. Let’s see how the event will affect Thai society. “

The main theme of the World Ganja Festival will be medical cannabis.

According to Kullavanit, first of all, the festival is a platform for the exchange of knowledge about the medicinal properties of hemp. Therefore, educational seminars and conferences on technological innovations and investment projects will be held during the event. In addition, the World Ganja Festival will be an entertaining event, where music groups will perform, and designers will compete.

The organizers of the World Ganja Festival hope that the event will contribute to the development of the cannabis industry in the country because local officials and business representatives will be able to learn from the experience of colleagues from North America. In particular, we are talking about the rules governing the cultivation of cannabis, methods for using cannabinoids in medicine and the global hemp market.

Thailand wants to take a leading position in the hemp market

Last December, Thailand became the first state in Southeast Asia to legalize medical hemp. The Thai government decided to lift the ban on the use of cannabinoids for medicinal purposes, guided by three main points:

  1. the plant has healing properties and is an effective method of treating several diseases;
  2. the creation of a regulated hemp market will bring additional money to the budget;
  3. the legalization of cannabis will contribute to the development of agriculture.

In August 2019, the Ministry of Health of Thailand received the first batch of hemp oil from the State Pharmaceutical Organization. Officials distributed between hospitals 4,500 bottles of 5 ml of oil each. The medicine will be given to patients suffering from epilepsy, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, chronic pain and nausea caused by chemotherapy.

Legalization of hemp violates international laws, say the Russian authorities

Exactly a year ago, Canada became the first G7 country to legalize recreational hemp. How did the Russian authorities react to the reform of Canadian law, and is Russia planning to follow the example of North Americans?

Russia condemned the lifting of the ban on cannabis

In October of this year, the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations published on Twitter two posts on the issue of legalizing hemp. The first says that Russia stands for a world without drugs and does not support a policy of tolerance for illicit substances. According to officials, the legalization of narcotic substances is a gross violation of international law.

The second entry states that lifted the ban on recreational cannabis have ignored UN anti-drug conventions. According to representatives of the Russian Federation, the creation of a regulated market for recreational hemp has led to an increase in the number of cases of abuse of marijuana, while the illicit drug trade is booming, despite competition from licensed sellers. In conclusion, Russian officials ask the question: “So what was the real goal of legalization?”

Canada prevents Russia from fighting against drugs

Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to international organizations in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, said: “There is a real threat that some countries will follow Canada’s example and legalize hemp. This will destroy the international legal framework and prevent us from waging a war against drugs.”

The international consortium on drug policy believes that the war against drugs has long been time to end, as it does not bring results. The organization’s report states that over the past decade, UN members have not been able to reduce the volume of trade in illicit substances. Between 2009 and 2017, chemists developed over 800 new psychoactive substances and sold them legally.

How did foreigners react to criticism from Russia?

Washington Office spokesman John Walsh, who monitors the global drug policy, said: “Russia has reasons to blame countries like Canada for violating international law. Russian officials are delighted with what they can say about Canada’s failure to comply “But I don’t think that empty threats from the Russian Federation will prevent other countries from moving forward.”

According to political scientists, Russia pursues certain goals, criticizing Canada for the legalization of cannabis. In particular, the Russian authorities want to show the world the real violators (in their opinion) of the international regime in order to divert attention from their illegal actions, for example, the annexation of Crimea.

Twitter users noted that representatives of Russia did not provide specific statistics on the increase in the number of drug addicts and the volume of marijuana trade on the black market. Therefore, the statement that the lifting of the ban on recreational hemp led to negative consequences is unfounded.

In response to the message that the Russian Federation is promoting the idea of ​​a world without drugs, foreigners drew attention to the problem of alcoholism in Russia. According to official figures, in 2016, 223,000 Russians died from alcoholic beverages, our country ranked third in the world (after China and India) in terms of this indicator. In addition, people noted the medicinal potential of cannabinoids and suggested that the Russian government consider the idea of ​​legalizing medical cannabis and hold a referendum on this issue.

Top 3 technology innovations for hemp consumers

Several technology companies have developed innovative products designed to simplify the process of smoking marijuana and processing raw materials. Our editors compiled the top 3 new products that have attracted the attention of the community due to their ease of use and efficiency.

OTTO chopper and rolling machine

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Banana Brothers Launches OTTO Marijuana Grinding and Cigarette Filling Machine The device has two distinctive features:

  • OTTO grinds all varieties of cannabis for no more than 20 seconds;
  • The grinding process is controlled by software based on artificial intelligence, which controls the pressure, direction and speed of rotation of the knives.

In a glass flask located inside the device, you can insert an empty cigarette, tube or vaporizer. In this case, chopped marijuana will immediately fall into the smoking accessory. Manufacturers claim that the device always get the perfect self-roll. The eBay OTTO website costs from 7,077 to 11,516 rubles.

Vaporizer PAX 3

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PAX 3 is a hybrid vaporizer that is suitable for both concentrates and marijuana. In the new version of the device, a special adapter for concentrates was added, which is inserted inside the device next to the marijuana camera. One charge is enough for 8-10 uses.

The main distinguishing feature of PAX 3 from its competitors is that it can be connected to the PAX Mobile mobile application via Bluetooth. The program allows you to fully control the process of soaring, setting the required temperature. The application has over 60 predefined settings optimized for specific cannabis strains.

PAX 3 is sold on the Vaporizer Shop website for 23 500 rubles with free shipping. The company gives an acrylic chopper as a gift. The warranty on the device is 10 years.

Decarboxylation Ardent Nova Lift Decarboxylator

Nova holds up to 28 grams of marijuana and from 142 to 170 grams of kif. The device is equipped with two sensors that monitor the temperature in the inner chamber. The device performs decarboxylation of cannabis in automatic mode and ensures that the raw materials do not burn. The process takes an hour and a half on average. After the cycle is completed, the green light on the device lights up.

Nova can be purchased on eBay for 15,759 rubles (plus 3,419 rubles for delivery to Russia). The device costs $ 220 on the Ardent website.

Why does hemp need to be decarboxylated?

In a decarboxylation, a chemical reaction occurs – decarboxylation, as a result of which the chemical properties of the plant product change. Fresh hemp raw materials contain tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol acids, which are precursors of THC and CBD. During heating, the acids lose the carboxyl group of COOH and turn into cannabinoids, therefore the psychoactive characteristics of marijuana and keep increase.

Canada legalized food and beauty products with cannabinoids

On October 17, Canada entered into force on the legalization of food and beauty products with cannabinoids. Within 60 days, the Ministry of Health will consider applications from companies for the sale of hemp products, so the goods will not appear on store shelves until mid-December.

Cannabinoid products must meet quality standards

Over 40 hemp enterprises informed the Ministry of Health of their plans to begin production of new goods. Agency representatives will examine each product and its packaging for compliance with legal requirements. In this way, authorities will guarantee product safety. All products will be divided into three categories:

  1. Food;
  2. concentrates;
  3. cosmetics.

Vaporizers and cartridges with cannabinoids

Large companies are going to release electronic cigarettes, cartridges with hemp oil and liquids with cannabinoids. Despite the outbreak of the US vaper epidemic, experts predict an increased demand for these types of products. Health officials said Americans caught a respiratory illness by steaming hemp oil with health-hazardous supplements bought on the black market. Officials will ensure that legitimate products do not contain toxic substances, so the use of products from licensed dealers will not lead to negative consequences.

Aphria analysts have compiled a report that states that:

  • vaporizers will account for 20% to 30% of the market;
  • marijuana trade will amount to 60% of the total turnover;
  • cosmetics and food will bring from 10% to 20% of the income.

Aphria, Aurora Cannabis, Organigram Holdings, and Supreme Cannabis have partnered with Pax Labs, a company that produces vaporizers under the Pax Era brand. Cartridges for devices will be purchased from Organigram.

Hemp drinks

Canopy will become a leader in the cannabinoid beverage market as it collaborates with Constellation Brands, the third-largest beer producer in the world. Constellation has invested $ 5 billion in a joint project with Canopy, involving the construction of a factory in Smiths Falls. The facility will produce more than 10 types of alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks with cannabinoids. Canopy Vice President Jordan Sinclair said his firm has managed to reduce the onset of drug intoxication from hemp drinks from two hours to several minutes.

Organigram is about to sell a tasteless powder with cannabinoids that can be dissolved in liquids. The effect of hemp “Invite” will be noticeable 10-15 minutes after consumption. Hexo, together with brewing company Molson Coors, will launch a line of drinks under the Truss brand.

Cannabinoid Sweets

The former Hershey factory, which is now owned by Canopy Growth, will again start producing chocolate, but with the addition of substances contained in cannabis. To implement the project for the production of sweets, Canopy signed a contract with the leading Canadian chocolatier, Hummingbird. The press service of the enterprise said that the plant will begin to work immediately after it receives permission from the Ministry of Health. Aurora Cannabis plans to produce candy, chewing gum and cookies with cannabinoids.

Hemp sweets should not attract children, therefore it is forbidden to place pictures with cartoon characters on packages, use bright wrappers, and the product in shape should not resemble similar products without the addition of cannabinoids. In addition, the content of THC in sweets cannot exceed 10 mg. This requirement is designed to reduce the chance of an overdose of the substance. In the United States, this dose of cannabinoid is considered standard, however, the Ministry of Health advises starting with 2.5 mg and gradually increasing the dosage, because THC affects people in different ways.

The Ukrainian party Servant of the people has developed a law on the legalization of medical hemp

The Ukrainian party “Servant of the people”, which controls 254 out of 450 seats in the Verkhovna Rada, has developed law on the legalization of medical hemp. The normative act will be introduced by parliamentarians in the coming months.

Many MPs support lifting the ban on medical cannabis

The author of the bill was a member of the Servant of the People faction Geo Leros. Deputy Yevgenia Kravchuk said that many parliamentarians are ready to support the initiative. Her colleagues from the Party “Servant of the People” intend to register a normative act and advocate lifting the ban on the use of cannabinoids for medicinal purposes. The text of the document has already been prepared but has not yet been published, so the specific information about the law is unknown.

The previous normative act providing for the legalization of medical hemp was sent to the Verkhovna Rada in May 2019. The project was approved by the Human Rights Committee and reviewed at five plenary meetings, but was withdrawn on August 29. Former Minister of Health of Ukraine Ulyana Suprun blamed the blocking of reform on the Ministry of Internal Affairs, in particular, on the head of the department Arsen Avakov.

Who can get medical marijuana?

Candidate of Medical Sciences Viktor Sidorenko expressed his opinion on the legalization of cannabis in Ukraine. He noted three main points:

  1. in many countries hemp is used for medicinal purposes;
  2. prescription drugs for hard drugs, such as morphine, are prescribed to Ukrainian patients;
  3. lifting the ban on cannabinoids will not lead to negative consequences if they are issued only as directed by a doctor.

Sidorenko believes that people suffering from serious illness should get access to marijuana. In particular, we are talking about patients with cancer, mental disorders and diseases of the nervous system. Victor suggests using a system of tight control over cannabis turnover to eliminate the likelihood of it entering the black market.

Narcologist Yuri Pakin claims that proponents of legalization hide the negative effects of cannabinoid use. According to him, cannabis is addictive much faster than alcohol: in 2-3 months in the case of regular use. At the same time, Pakin does not give the standard time for the occurrence of craving for alcohol. The doctor said that after smoking marijuana, a person develops depression, prompting him to take the drug again. In this regard, people begin to increase the dose, and they develop addiction syndrome. Nevertheless, Yuri endorses the use of cannabinoids as a medicine, since opium drugs are widely used in medicine.

Scientists will evaluate the effectiveness of psilocybin mushrooms in the treatment of depression

In connection with the decriminalization of psilocybin mushrooms in the American cities of Auckland and Denver, scientists became interested in the medicinal properties of these organisms. University of Texas at the University of Houston Medical Research Center (UTHealth) said they plan to develop ways to use psilocybin to treat drug-resistant depression.

Psilocybin therapy will help patients who do not respond to traditional drugs

UTHealth specialists decided to study psilocybin, as the results of previous studies confirm the therapeutic potential of the substance. In 2012, scientists from Oxford University conducted a study on the effects of psilocybin on the nervous system. The trial involved 15 people, they took a placebo or 2 mg of psilocybin at intervals of 6 minutes and then underwent a brain scan. As a result, it was possible to find out that the use of the substance reduces blood circulation in the subcortical and cortical areas of the brain. That is why mushrooms eliminate the symptoms of cluster headache.

In 2016, Johns Hopkins University staff was able to identify the relationship between psilocybin intake and a decrease in feelings of anxiety and depression. UTHealth professor Sudhakar Selvaraj believes that the substance changes perception and consciousness, creating new mental schemes, free from prejudice, fears, and phobias. This explains the positive effect of fungi on the psyche. If the medical properties of psychedelics are confirmed in practice, then people suffering from depression, which cannot be treated with conventional drugs, will gain access to the substance.

UTHealth clinical trials will use the double-blind method. This means that neither the subjects nor the staff will know where the placebo is and where the psilocybin is. Volunteers will take 25, 10 or 1 mg of the substance and is under the supervision of a doctor for eight hours. Participants in the experiments will fill out a questionnaire on symptoms of depression before and after the trip, as well as after one, three, six, nine and 12 weeks. The authors of the project are now recruiting volunteers aged 18 to 55 years old with a diagnosis of drug-resistant depression.

Johns Hopkins University leads psychedelic research

In September of this year, Johns Hopkins University opened the Center for the Study of Psychedelics and Mind, which received an investment of $ 17 million. The organization was led by Professor Roland Griffiths, who has been studying psilocybin since 2000. A group of scientists under his leadership will have to answer questions about how the substance affects the brain, and whether it can be used in medicine.

Last year, university staff proved that psilocybin helps cure nicotine addiction. The test involved 15 volunteers who smoked an average of 19 cigarettes a day for 31 years and repeatedly tried to overcome addiction. For six months, volunteers took psilocybin and underwent cognitive behavioral therapy, which allowed 12 of them to quit smoking. According to scientists, a psychedelic significantly increases a person’s chances to get rid of cravings for nicotine.